Recognise the symptoms

You can recognise a stroke using the FAST test:



FACIAL weakness: Can the person smile? Has their mouth or eye drooped?

ARM weakness: Can the person raise both arms?

SPEECH problems: Can the person speak clearly and understand what you say?

TIME to call 999.

If a person fails any one of these tests, get help immediately by dialling 999
A speedy response can help reduce the damage to a person’s brain and improve their chances of a full recovery. A delay in getting help can result in death or long-term disabilities.

Don’t ignore temporary symptoms
If symptoms disappear within 24 hours, the person may have had a Transient ischaemic attack (TIA), which is also called a mini-stroke. If you think someone has had a TIA and they have not sought medical attention, get them to see their GP urgently. A TIA is a warning sign that they may be at risk of stroke, so they need to see a doctor as quickly as possible.

Read our publications:
What is a stroke?
What is a stroke? - Welsh

Useful links
NHS Choices - Act F.A.S.T.
NHS Choices - Stroke
NHS Choices - Surviving stroke
NHS Inform
NHS Wales
Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland