What is a TIA?
A TIA or transient ischaemic attack happens when a temporary blockage cuts off the blood supply to part of your brain. With a TIA the blockage either dissolves on its own or moves, so that the blood supply returns to normal and your stroke symptoms disappear.
A TIA or mini-stroke is the same as a stroke, except that the symptoms last for a short amount of time. Although your stroke symptoms may not last long, a TIA is still very serious. It is a sign that there is a problem and you are at risk of having a stroke. Because of this, a TIA is often called a warning stroke.
A TIA has the same symptoms as a stroke, except that the symptoms only last for a short amount of time. The FAST test helps to spot the three most common signs of stroke or TIA.
- Face: Can the person smile? Has their face fallen on one side?
- Arms: Can the person raise both arms and keep them there?
- Speech problems: Can the person speak clearly and understand what you say? Is their speech slurred?
- Time: If you see any of these three signs, it's time to call 999.
Causes of a mini-stroke
Jean talks about her husband’s TIA
Professor Peter Rothwell talks about TIA
Find out more
- There's much more information about TIA in our guide Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA).
- Find out more about TIA on My Stroke Guide. As well as free access to trusted advice, information and support 24/7, My Stroke Guide connects you to our online community, to find out how others manage their recovery.