All strokes are different so for some people the effects may be relatively minor and may not last long, while others may be left with more serious long term problems.
A stroke can affect the way your body functions
Although all strokes are different, there are some common physical problems that many people experience:
- problems with movement and balance: many people experience muscle weakness or paralysis after a stroke, which can affect your mobility and balance. This usually happens on one side of your body and can also cause a lot of pain and discomfort.
- problems with your vision
- problems with swallowing
- problems controlling your bladder and bowels
- excessive tiredness.
But there are other effects that you can’t see
Some of the ‘hidden’ effects of stroke include:
- problems with communication: many people have difficulty with speech and language after their stroke. A common communication problems, which affects around one third of stroke survivors, is aphasia. People with aphasia find it difficult to speak and understand what other people are saying to them, as well as reading and writing.
- problems with memory and thinking: it’s very common to find that their short-term memory and concentration is affected by stroke, but it can also affect other thinking processes as well, such as problem-solving, planning and finding your way around.
- changes to your emotions: a stroke has an emotional impact, which can lead to problems like depression and anxiety. It can also make it more difficult to control your emotions.
- changes to your behaviour.